Child Developmental Topics

3 to 5 years

Getting more independent

Our tamaiti is now becoming much more aware that they’re a unique individual. They will be working out friendships and how relationships work. Their awareness increases about other people’s feelings and perspectives, which helps their developing sense of empathy.

3 to 5 years

Growing stronger every day

‘He iti, he iti kahikātoa. ’

‘Though little, it is still a mānuka tree. ’

Our tamaiti is now developing more control of their body and more strength in their muscles. They may also go through a growth spurt.

3 to 5 years

Listening, talking and talking some more

Listening, talking and talking some more

Although language ability varies, by the age of 3 many tamaiti will be using 4-word sentences.

3 to 5 years

Needing help from big people

By age 3, tamariki are better at recognising and expressing their emotions. Their behaviour is a window into their world, and shows how they’re coping with the day-to-day realities of their lives.

3 to 5 years

Play is the way

Right from the start, this resource has emphasised the importance of play. Play is a child’s work and is how they get their main learning opportunities.

Maori language content 3 to 5 years

In every SKIP Whakatipu booklet there is a ‘Kaitiaki pēpi’ section that explores aspects of tikanga Māori and how it relates to this stage of child development.

3 to 5 years

Young parents

Young parents can face particular joys and challenges whether because of their own life's path, or because of the attitudes they encounter from the wider society.